The energy rates of a country are divided into many categories, like nuclear energy, solar energy, and wind energy. Oil, gas, coal, biofuels, hydroelectricity, hydrogen energy are also part of energy rates. First, let’s see oil energy. In the year of 2012- 13, crude oil production was 37.86 million tons. Pulse Power plans The total import of crude oil and petroleum was 146.70 million tons, and the worth was Rs 5611.40 billion. During 2015 India has imported 195.1 million tons of crude oil and 23.3 million tons of refined petroleum. Then 55 million tons of refined petroleum was exported. After accounting experts and imports of refined petroleum, the net imports of crude oil became less. The production of natural gas was 29.2 billion cubic meters, but the consumption of gas was 50.6 billion cubic meters in the same year 2015.LNG was gained more role in fuel use in road and marine transport. At the end of 2016 June, LNG price was fallen nearly 50%. Natural gas use is not in economic purpose. Local production of natural gas is converted into LNG for transport use. It reduces the use of crude oil imports. Coal gasification, coal bed methane, coal mine methane, and Biogas digested are all sources of LNG, and it is widely distributed demand. There is more possibility to convert the heavy vehicles into LNG fuelled vehicles. It may reduce diesel consumption and pollution. Know the value of these gases and react to it.
Oil And Natural Gas, Coal
The cheaper marine CNG transport restricts LNG high usage, and it ends the transport sector by replacing costly liquid fuels. CNG is transported used economically for medium-distance transport. Natural gas or methane is cheaply converted into hydrogen gas and carbon black. The state Oil and Natural Gas shares oil with many countries. The political instability is increasing the domestic energy demand. But in India, it is decreased the dependency on OPEC for increasing oil demand energy level. More Indian oil companies are led by ONGC and Reliance industries. It started a massive hunt for oil in Rajasthan, Krishna Godavari, Basin, and the northeastern Himalayas. Sixty-three technical recoverable resources of shale gas are in India. The offshore gas field is getting developed in India at Mozambique. Iran-Pakistan- India pipeline is India’s plan for increasing energy demand. India has the world’s 5th largest coal reserves. It has bulk primary energy contribution. India’s coal production was fallen in the years of 1997 and 1998. India is a 2nd largest coal importer. Our India is a home for the world big coal company, Coal India Ltd. In 2013 top five hard and brown coal production countries are China, United States, India, Australia and Indonesia. India got 5th place in global coal production. Coal is used for the production of cement also. In 2013 India imported more steam coal and coking coal. It was only met the demand for electricity, cement, and steel production.
CNG and LNG are economical alternatives to diesel oil. According to the production of coal, every need is satisfied by the government. Government is mainly concentrating on this oil, gas and coal production. From this, our economical condition is developed.